Friday, December 14, 2018

Iceland Day 2 part II: Hike, Gulfoss, hot spring

May 12, 2018 Saturday, continued

Once our lips and fingers thawed after the snorkel tour and we could speak normally again,
we decided to stretch our legs and hike up from the rift valley to the edge of the
North American plate. That sounds far but is wasn’t. Great views and otherworldly hiking.
Thingvallavatn is the largest lake in Iceland.

Cracks in the basalt show what a porous aquifer basalt can be.

Hiking through a fissure at the edge of the North American tectonic lake. The government built this boardwalk after a car got swallowed up by falling through a thin cover of rock.

Ropy pahoehoe lava


After a necessary espresso drink (jet lag) and photo shoot for Jean Luc Picard
(action figure on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge!)

Jean Lucy Picard on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

we continued on our abbreviated Golden Circle route to Geysir. This is the geyser
that all geysers are named for, and Drew had never seen a geyser before,
and it was conveniently located about 200 feet off the main highway. Must stop.

It was pretty cool, not literally though. Get it? Haha.

Gulfoss, one huge waterfall  

Next tourist must-do: Gulfoss waterfall. The average flow is about 5000 cubic
feet per second (cfs) but I’m sure the rivers were running way higher than that
because of spring runoff. Besides the raw power of that much water moving
only a few feet from me, I loved the way it disappears into a deep canyon.

The two separate waterfalls are due to differing rates of weathering of lava flows. You can see the coarser and more resistant texture of the flow that is at the level of the lower falls in this picture.

Super impressive.
Time to get back in the van. Oh wait, wrong vehicle.

Secret Lagoon

We turned down a gravel road on our quest to get off the beaten path and find a
hot spring and campsite.  We found the most wonderful hot spring at the
“Secret Lagoon” pool. Gamla Laugin, as it is also known, cost us $54 for
the both of us but it was well worth it. The pool has a gravel bottom, wasn’t
over crowded, and has water entering so hot you couldn’t get within 5 feet.

The boardwalk and paths around the pool led me through the boiling source area springs.

Excellent interpretive signs pointed out that this geothermal area near Fludir is
about 13 miles long and has one of the highest geothermal gradients in the world.
At 900 meters depth (about 3000 feet) the temperature is 110 C or 230 F.

The geothermal energy is used to heat greenhouses to grow vegetables.

Here we met a very nice couple from Britain. We vowed to stay in touch.

Clean and tired, we turned south to find a campsite. There were three campground
symbols on our map within about 30 km from the Secret Lagoon. No problem
finding one with an opening right? Wrong. The problem wasn’t that the campgrounds
were full, the problems was that the campgrounds did not exist. One road that was
supposed to lead to a camp area had a homemade sign saying NO CAMPING.
The other village had a motel but no camp area.  We ended up driving all the way
back to Highway 1 and then some to a private campground called Árhús at the edge
of the town of Hella. It was here we discovered the fridge cooler in our van did not work,
so we cooked up squished and thawed kale patties for dinner.

Thursday, September 13, 2018

Iceland Day 2 part I - As much fun as you can have in 2 degree water

Sunday May 12 2018 
We did not think we would need to set an alarm for our 10:30 am meeting time for our guided snorkel trip, but maybe we should have. We slept and slept and slept in our super cozy camper van.

The neighboring campers were already having an adventure of their own 
being stuck in the soft turf of the campground. Not good. 

In general, I do not love guided tours with a lot of other tourists. (Personal guide to a specific historic or natural site is a different matter and highly recommended.) But there is really no other practical way to experience swimming through the Mid-Atlantic ridge, so we laid down our $125 per person for this chance.

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MOR) is where the huge North American tectonic plate and the huger Eurasian tectonic plate are diverging. For us Americans, this movement creates a convergent plate boundary with the Pacific plate on the West Coast. It is why we have volcanoes in Washington, Oregon, and Alaska, and part of the reason we have earthquakes throughout the West.  The MOR is a ridge of volcanic mountains on the seafloor in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean (clever naming, eh?) except it surfaces on Iceland. Coupled with a mantle “hot-spot” (more clever naming of a spot on the Earth where heat from the mantle is closer to the surface, creating volcanoes and geothermal areas like Hawaii and Yellowstone), Iceland is racked by volcanic and geothermal activity. Its cold climate means trees and vegetation do not obscure the amazing geologic exhibit.

How to Snorkel in 2 degree water
We met our Romanian guide and 6 other tourists at a parking lot within walking distance of the “put-in”.  We suited up in thermal onesies and a dry suit, got explicit instructions to not miss the turn off for the “take-out”, then put our neoprene hoods and gloves on and were handed snorkels and masks. We walked about 100 yards to a platform where we waited, sweating in the 8 degree (50ish Fahrenheit) degree weather in suits made to withstand 0 degrees (32 Fahrenheit).


Drew. It is very hard to push little shutter buttons with big neoprene gloves on.

The point of all this was to “swim” (float) for 40 minutes down the Silfra fissure. 

The Silfra fissure
Entering the water was a shock on the face and hands, but my body felt surprisingly little cold. Instead, the experience of floating with the current in super clear water took over. I was simply happy to look around at the volcanic rocks partially covered with green stringy algae and white goopy algae, knowing I was floating at the place where two tectonic plates are spreading at a rate of about 2 cm per year, which is a little less than an inch and about the rate your fingernails grow.

Green stringy algae

The spreading creates a rift zone - essentially a long valley between mountains where new crust can be added to the plates.
I think this is me pointing to the North American plate on the right and the Eurasian plate on my left. Underwater photography is hard.

Pretty narrow section.

Imagine these two land masses moving apart from each other at 1 inch per year. It is just so cool. And cold. The water was very cold.

The current in the crack is created by surface water and groundwater flowing through the crack to Þingvallavatn (Þ is pronounced “th” and vatn means lake in Icelandic). This lake is fed by 90% groundwater and 10% rivers or direct precipitation. The groundwater comes from recharge on Langjokull ice cap 60 km (40 miles) north of the lake. The travel time is only 50 or 60 years! That crazy fast recharge rate compared to a lot of the arid Western US.

We did not miss the left hand turn to get to the take out. At this point we had to actually swim or dog paddle to the take out platform because we were out of the current. Swimming in a giant balloon is kind of hard.

Looking to the take-out platform.

I‘m glad Drew was persuaded (by me) to do this excursion. It was really a once in a lifetime unique experience.  Now we have seen the innards of a rift valley.